Environmental specialists use their knowledge of natural sciences to protect the environment and human health. They may clean up polluted areas, advise policymakers, or work with specific industries to reduce waste and pollution. They determine data collection methods for research products, investigations, and surveys, and collect and compile environmental data from samples of air, soil, water, food, and other materials for scientific analysis. They analyze samples, surveys, and other information to identify and assess threats to the environment and develop plans to prevent, control, or fix environmental problems, including land, water, or air pollution.
Environmental specialists provide information and guidance to government officials, businesses, and the public about possible environmental hazards and health risks. Environmental specialists prepare technical reports and presentations that explain their research and findings to upper management and other relevant peers. Environmental scientists need a bachelor's degree in environmental science, geography and regional planning, zoology, ecology, or related fields.
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